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Great Pyramid

The Great Pyramid in Egypt was the world’s tallest structure for over 4,000 years.  Until 1889 when the Eiffel Tower, at twice the height was completed.  There are no existing dynastic records, paintings, or friezes that give us any clear picture of the origins of one of the most enigmatic structures ever assembled on this planet.

Khufu, is that you..?

250px-Saqqara_stepped_pyramid DJoser

Stepped Pyramid of DJoser

Most mainstream scholars attribute Khufu with the building of The Great Pyramid.  Pharaoh Khufu himself left no indication whatsoever that he built the Great Pyramid, but he did hint that the three smaller pyramids where for him, his wife and daughter.

The Great Pyramid

There is evidence that suggests it was built so long ago that water so deep a layer of silt 14 feet high was left around the base of the pyramid after the waters resided.

The fossils containing seashells and other marine animals have been radiocarbon-dated to be nearly twelve thousand years old.  If so, that would mean the Great Pyramid was built some 10,000 years before the fourth dynasty began.  Water so deep as to leave a ring of sediment fourteen feet above the base of the pyramid raises some tantalizing questions by itself.

In fact it may have been Khufu that left a record of discoveries made while clearing away the sands from the pyramid on an “inventory” stele that was discovered nearby.  If so, he may have been the Pharaoh that had some repair work done on the structure.  From the Fifth Dynasty onwards, there are hundreds of official inscriptions on other pyramids, leaving us no doubt about the kings that built them.

We do not have the capacity even today

According to our present knowledge the Great Pyramid is mostly solid mass with a base that covers more than thirteen acres.  The foundation is amazingly level with no corner of its base more than one-half inch higher or lower than the others. This near-perfect leveling far exceeds even the finest architectural achievements of today.

120px-Abousir_Neferirkare_5th Dynasty

Neferirkare (5th Dynasty)

Even more confounding is the tools they had available to them to quarry the blocks with.  The finest steels made today are inefficient (at best) for cutting granite.  Egyptologists reason the cutting and shaping of the pyramid blocks must have been done with copper and bronze saws.  The Fourth Dynasty Egyptians didn’t even have iron, much less steel.

The Great Pyramid was constructed with approximately 2.3 million limestone and granite blocks. Weighing between 2.5 and 50 tons each, these stone blocks were quarried at Aswan.  They were then transported 600 miles to the Giza Plateau.  They  would have to deliver a stone every 4-5 minutes, 24 hours a day/365 days a year non-stop for 20-22 years.

Fourth Dynasty Egyptians didn’t have the wheel

Even if we knew how the Egyptians quarried and cut 2.3 million very heavy blocks, transported these millions of blocks 600 miles to the building site without the wheel, we still don’t know how they were able to get the blocks nearly 500 feet up to the height of the pyramid’s summit.

Fourth Dynasty Egyptians didn’t have the pulley

A Danish civil engineer, P. Garde-Hanson, calculated that it could be done if an enormous ramp were built all the way to the top of the pyramid.  It would require a work force of 240,000 to build it in the time attributed to Cheops’ reign (22 years).  In the meantime, Herodotus recorded that it took a workforce of 100,000 to build the pyramid in 20 years.   At that rate they would have to set a stone in final position every 4-5 minutes, 24 hours a day/365 days a year non-stop for 20-22 years.

It would then require a force of more than 300,000 laborers as much as eight years to dismantle the ramp.  The ramp material would then have been removed to someplace.  Seven times the volume of the pyramid itself would have been used to build the ramp.  The point is moot. There’s no proof that any ramp of any kind was ever built. To date no location of the ramp material has been identified anywhere near the Giza Plateau.  17.5 million cubic meters of material gone.

The main chamber

The most mystifying of all the engineering feats of the pyramid.  These blocks were lifted and positioned using an area where only four to six workers could stand, a space about the size of a modern day freight elevator.  They maneuvered the precisely carved 50-ton blocks into place without even damaging the corners!  It is estimated the strength of at least 2,000 men would be needed to accomplish this feat.  Many modern engineers have proposed myriad lifting devices and levers to attempt to prove how it was done.  None yet have solved the mystery of what the builders of the pyramid knew.

Fourth Dynasty (2575 – 2465 BC)

According to prevailing mainstream archaeological “theory”, the three pyramids on the Giza plateau are funerary structures of three kings of Egypt’s Fourth Dynasty.   Believing that “theory” stretches the boundaries of what mere mortal human men can do even in the dullest of imaginations.

Why build this pyramid?

Yeah.  Good question.  No mummy has ever been discovered interred in any pyramid.  So, the “experts” believe that Khufu had the hubris to build the greatest structure in the world, all in the name of his glory, just as a mausoleum and tribute unto himself that took 20 years to build, and then forgot to have himself interred in it?

Fourth dynasty Egypt did not have the engineering capacity to erect the Great Pyramid. Without technology.